Melbourne’s Federation Heritage

Melbourne’s Federation Heritage


Table of Contents

Melbourne’s Federation Heritage
Redcourt, 506 Orrong Road Armadale
(Colinton) 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury
Coorinyah, 150 Mont Albert Road CANTERBURY
46 Bowen Crescent Carlton North “Prince of the Park”
Officer, Chadwick & Annear Houses, 32-38 The Eyrie, Eaglemont 3084
67 Osmond Esplanade, Elwood
41 Kent St, Flemington, VIC
Grace Park Estate
Lenoma, 7 Chrystobel Crescent Hawthorn
Tay Creggan House and Garden, 30 Yarra St, Hawthorn, VIC
Davies House, 5 Wilismere Road, Kew 1903
Dalswaith, later Campion Hall, 99 Studley Park Road, Kew 1906
Middle Park Conservation Area,
Marathon and Garden, 12 Marathon Dr, Mount Eliza, VIC
Alfred Crescent, North Fitzroy
Auld Reekie, 511 Royal Parade Parkville
Nocklofty, 551 Royal Pde, Parkville
Belmont Flats, 86 Alma Rd, St Kilda, VIC
Edwardian Semidetached Houses, 2-6, 8-10 Fitzroy St, St Kilda
Majella, 473 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, VIC
Little Milton, 26 Albany Road, Toorak
Coomaroo, 63A Albany Road Toorak
Darnlee, 33 Lansell Rd, Toorak, VIC
Edzell, 76 St Georges Rd, Toorak, VIC
59 Champion Road, Williamstown, Vic

[Previous post: Melbourne Queen Anne Next post: Historic Subiaco W.A.]

These properties are Registered as significant to the Heritage of Victoria, and listed on the Register of the National Estate.
The Commonwealth of Australia thereby acknowledges that the place so listed has National Estate historic value.
If so, there is a link to the Heritage Register with further information on the property. Non-listed properties are as noted.

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6, 8-10 Fitzroy St, St Kilda

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99 Studley Park Road Kew,

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Darnlee, 33 Lansell Rd Toorak


Redcourt, 506 Orrong Road Armadale


  • See also page Redcourt, Armadale
Redcourt Orrong Road
Redcourt Orrong Road

Redcourt, the corner of Dandenong and Orrong roads, the residence of Mrs. Norman Falkiner (1916). (The Argus Friday 1 December 1916)
Many mansions and large houses in (Toorak) saw service as guest houses or boarding houses including Redcourt at 506 Orrong Road (Malone, 2005:22).[1]
“Where does one start with this? A magical house with immense street presence and character. Major work needed maybe in the eyes of many to transport this into the new millennium as family home. Street does carry traffic and on-block position not great. Bones and size of house are obviously very good – real creativity will be needed here for the buyer to transform this – could be a fantastic opportunity.”[2]

  • “The state government finally disposed of its 14-bedroom Redcourt property at 506 Orrong Road, for a speculated $3.9 million, a substantial discount to the $6 million originally touted for the “renovation rescue”, when it was listed for sale last November.
  • Set well back from the main road, the Queen Anne Redcourt mansion includes a billiard room, drawing room, great hall, library and a cellar. The block measures a massive 3,497 square metres and accommodates a coach house, servant’s quarters, stables and tennis court, all of which is rundown.[3]
  • PROPERTY INVESTOR Adam Garrison is believed to be the mystery buyer of a 14-bedroom “renovation rescue” in Armadale.The co-founder of charitable restaurant Fifteen Melbourne – and until recently the part owner in Spring Street’s iconic Windsor Hotel – plans to fully restore the heritage listed Redcourt mansion on Orrong Road into a family home, a move which some speculate could cost more than $2 million.
  • Mr Garrison, who could not be contacted, is understood to have paid about $3.9 million for the Redcourt estate in April, far less than the approximate $8 million vendor the Victorian Government had anticipated when it listed the Queen Anne style mansion for sale last year.[4]


No suburb epitomises Melbourne’s “leafy east” than Canterbury. In fact, agents joke, it’s difficult not to find a street in Canterbury that doesn’t exude charm. Most are wide, welcoming and dotted with hundred year old trees, and Federation homes built on large blocks with established gardens.
Canterbury’s “Golden Mile” as it has come to be known, stretches from Burke Road to Balwyn Road, off Mont Albert Road and, in order of exclusivity, includes Monomeath, Victoria, Alexandra and Wentworth avenues[5]

(Colinton) 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury

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(Colinton) 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury
(Colinton) 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury

Colinton, 92 Mont Albert Road Canterbury was built in 1926 to the design of the architectural firm Barlow and Hawkins as the family home of Walter Gillespie of the noted family of flour millers.

  • The Federation Arts and Crafts (or inter-war Tudor) style house is set well back on its large corner block to allow a picturesque view of the house across the garden.
  • The picturesque is accentuated by the sweeping driveway and by the oblique siting of the house which gives emphasis to the three dimensional form of the design.
  • The steep pitched, shingled roof with its ‘swept valleys’ is well composed and can be appreciated from the street. The tall clumped chimney flues, small paned windows, and the half-timbered surface treatment all add to the romantic illusion of a substantial English country house in a park setting. This illusion is carried through into the interior, mainly in the stair hall, dining and sitting rooms.

Coorinyah, 150 Mont Albert Road CANTERBURY


Architects, Ussher & Kemp acted for Mellor when the house was connected to the MMBW sewer, in 1907, and it appears that they were also the designers.
At Coorinyah, the broad hipped roof is the dominant backdrop for a number of gabled roof forms, chimneys and the unusual shingle- spired look-out, with its attached chimney. Below the eaves line giant arched timber supports spring between gabled verandah or room bays, almost removing the visual support for the large roof expanses above it.

  • A matching ‘moon-gate’ or Chinese arched entry occurs on. the east, punctuating a series of room bays which extends around the south elevation and relates to a dormer set high above it.
  • The Victorian attached-verandah principal is disbanded here for the flared verandah roof-hip of the Oriental tea-house which is continuous with the main roof form. The oriental theme continues in the d’oyley like lace in the arch spandrels and the solid square-section duplex posts- at corners and portals. This almost two dimensional layering of timber verandah detail has similarities with Annear’s The Eyrie houses, Eaglemont.[6]

46 Bowen Crescent Carlton North “Prince of the Park”

This non-heritage listed house built in 1901 demonstrates the fusion of Queen Anne with decorative Art Nouveau leadlight and stained glass.

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“Debonair amidst a glorious garden directly overlooking Princes Park, this magnificent Federation residence c1901 represents a rare Princes Hill home on a prominent Pigdon Street corner. Rich in history and craftsmanship, … the ornate heritage interior is superbly complemented by modern enhancement capturing stunning park views and providing perfect privacy.”[7]

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Officer, Chadwick & Annear Houses, 32-38 The Eyrie, Eaglemont 3084

  • See also pages Architect Harold Desbrowe-Annear. Chadwick House Eaglemont, Arts and Crafts Architect Desbrowe-Annear

H D Annear purchased the site for 170 pounds. He subsequently designed and erected three houses on it, each have an allotment 100ft x 160ft. They are:

  1. 36-38 The Eyrie, built c 1902 as Annear’s own residence;
  2. 55 Outlook Drive and built in 1903 for James Chadwick but later occupied by George Officer; and,
  3. 32-34 The Eyrie constructed between 1903-06 also for James Chadwick.

These residences are popularly known as: the Annear (36-38), the Chadwick (32-34), and the Officer (55) houses.

Officer House, Eaglemont
Officer House, Eaglemont
Chadwick House
Chadwick House
Eyrie, Eaglemont
Eyrie, Eaglemont
  • The Chadwick houses or Eyrie houses as they are known form a unique collection and are fine examples of the architect’s work as well as highly realised expression of the architect’s ideas. In these three related houseshe was able to explore variations in concepts and detailing.
  • Annear carefully designed these houses as a group to fit into the landscape and maximise the views from within. Each one was carefully positioned down the hill, with increasing setbacks from the street, so as not to obstruct the views from each another.
  • 38 The Eyrie contains a higher degree of attention to detail than is usually found in his houses of this period. This is demonstrated by overlaid elements of the red pine fretwork as lintel ornamentation in the internal openings and in the work of the various brass door, overmantlesand sideboard fittings.
  • Clad with rough cast stucco, half-timbering to the upper walls and originally stained rusticated weatherboards to the lower walls, their style was freely derived from northern European fourteenth and fifteenth century domestic architecture. All but 36-38, The Eyrie, have Marseilles pattern terracotta tiles. 36-38 once had corrugated iron, painted to resemble tiles. The balconies are timber-framed. Internally the houses exhibit many technological ideas pioneered by Annear including: wall recessed sliding window sashes, modular wall-framing and convection heating vents to fireplaces.

67 Osmond Esplanade, Elwood

The beach-side suburb of Elwood has experienced ongoing gentrification, known for its mix of Edwardian and Interwar architecture character, its beaches and its leafy streets many of which are lined by London Plane trees.

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“This 1920s house is a rare beachside beauty. So many of these types of houses have fallen to shabby disrepair, with modern bayside living unable to reconcile the period floor plan, the functionality of space and the more intricate details with the new-millennium brashness and desire for views and veneers. (Not on Heritage register)[8]

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“What’s happened here, then, is a revelation; its period beauty has largely been left to shine on its own.

  • Decorative ceilings, polished floorboards, white walls and large windows are all on display. There are no artifices or shiny tricks and the house looks elegant and effortlessly contemporary for its lack of bravura.
  • There is a suspicion, unconfirmed, that this is a Harold Desbrowe Annear house and the more you see of the fitted furniture and elegant design touches, the more likely it seems.”
  • From the pillared entry patio, you come into the formal foyer with shining parquetry floors and a striking timber staircase and decorative mantel, with ornate inlays under the fine, beamed ceiling.
  • An array of gorgeous timber-framed leadlight doors are arranged around here and a hard left takes you into the downstairs front-facing formal living room.
  • Here the dimensions are divine and you get a lovely ornate ceiling, fireplace and circular leadlight window. A circular sculpted cutout on the western wall accommodates a divine window seat.[9]

41 Kent St, Flemington, VIC

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41 Kent Street, Flemington, built in 1912, is an excellent example of the Federation Queen Anne architectural style with an unusually high level of intactness and integrity.

  • 41 Kent Street, Flemington, was built in 1912, to a design by A J Inches. The House is Conservative in content but close to intact and represents a full articulation of the Queen Anne villa style.
  • This house possesses arts and crafts patterns to its iron ornament and windows, a corner turrett, a broad bay window, leadlighting to the windows, round accent window, slate roof, wall hung shingles and delicate fretted patterns to its roof vents. The house also has a late Victorian style verandah and iron fence.
  • The house and its garden setting have a character very close to that existing when it was built. The house is one of a row of notable villas from the Victorian and Federation period.[10]

Grace Park Estate

  • The Grace Park Estate was formed from several lots purchased by Michael or Julia Lynch between 1846-47, forming grounds to Grace Park House, constructed by them before 1858. After Michael Lynch’s death in October 1871, Julia Lynch became the owner/occupier of the house and three acres.
  • In 1884 the Grace Park Estate was leased to the Grace Park Leasehold Syndicate headed by Henry Byron Moore and was subdivided soon after into the broad serpentine street form of the Grace Park area. Moore became insolvent in 1891 and there followed a series of convoluted lease arrangement until in 1904 the Settled Lands Act made sales possible. These commenced in 1904.
  • Architect Christopher Cowper bought and developed thirty-three allotments between 1908-12. An architectural competition for new buildings for this elegantly designed suburb set a standard of high quality homes in up to date designs, on large allotments. The designs in the competition, some of which were built and those which came later, emphasised the open garden nature of the Estate by constructing houses which addressed at least two sides.
  • In the twentieth century, the character set by the earlier development was reinforced with Queen Anne and Garden Bungalow designs often by architect/developer Christopher Cowper.[11]

Lenoma, 7 Chrystobel Crescent Hawthorn

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A large and late example amongst the best of the buildings constructed in the second development period at Grace Park which incorporates many standard design Grace Park features. A landmark in the Urban Conservation Area which has State wide significance in the development of the Garden Suburb. A fine example of the transition between the Queen Anne (or Federation) styles and the Garden Bunglow.

  • “‘Lenoma’ is a uniquely peaceful and private family haven having street and parkland frontage in the exclusive heart of the prestigious Grace Park Estate. Sited on a beautifully established 1,865 sq. metre (20,074 sq ft) double garden allotment that extends north to Mary Street, this gracious 6 Bedroom and Study Federation residence c1910 is a grand two-level domain of rich original charm and light”.[12]
  • For sale 2012 for in excess of $5.2 million[13]

Tay Creggan House and Garden, 30 Yarra St, Hawthorn, VIC

Tay Creggan House and Garden
Tay Creggan House and Garden
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Tay Creggan is a national treasure“. Built in Hawthorn in 1889, Tay Creggan is considered one of Australia’s most important houses. “Tay Creggan” – the house on the rocks – is the fantastical building of gables, dormers, turrets and tall, twinned chimney stacks that can be glimpsed from across the Yarra at Richmond.

  • Up closer you can see scalloped terracotta roof tiling, fancy fretwork and finials, the ”candle snuffer” profile of the most prominent turret, the many pretty porches and the diamond leadlight in bay windows that project from the timbered upper storey.
  • When the house – now the year 9 campus of Strathcona Baptist Girls Grammar School – was built in 1889, it was an architect’s own home that took the boom style of late-Victorian housing to the next level of lavish.[14]

The house known as Tay Creggan, in Hawthorn, was built in 1893 by the architect R G W (Guyon) Purchas as his own residence. It is a large two storey residence designed in Federation Queen Anne style. Built from red brick, a characteristic picturesque effect is achieved with the asymmetry of the design and quality of the eclectic detailing. The roof of varied forms has Marseilles pattern terracotta tiles with ridging, prominent gables, turrets, decorated octagonal chimney pots and dormer windows.

  • Tay Creggan in Hawthorn is a magnificent example of the Federation Queen Anne style of architecture. The house demonstrates the picturesque and eclectic qualities of this style by its elaborate and varied roof forms, leadlight windows and rough cast walls with creeper covering.
  • It is the most accomplished residential work of the architect Guyon Purchas and was designed for his own use. The interior of the house retains much original Art Nouveau decoration and a remarkable ballroom illuminated with glass ceiling domes. The residence is enhanced by its setting within a well preserved example of a nineteenth century picturesque garden

Davies House, 5 Wilismere Road, Kew 1903

Streetview of 5 Wilismere Road, Kew
Streetview of 5 Wilismere Road, Kew

Street view of Davies House, designed by architects Ussher and Kemp,Registered on the RAIA 20th CENTURY BUILDINGS REGISTER (but not heritage listed)

Dalswaith, later Campion Hall, 99 Studley Park Road, Kew 1906

Also designed by architects Ussher and Kemp. Not heritage listed, but registered by the RAIA on the 20th CENTURY BUILDINGS REGISTER

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Middle Park Conservation Area,

Canterbury Rd, Middle Park, Victoria, comprising the area bounded by Canterbury Road, Fraser Street, Ashworth Street and Kerford Road (including all its abutting properties), together with the Kerford Road Pier (Albert Park Yachting and Angling Club Pier).
A large area of late Victorian and Queen Anne, predominantly single storey housing. Its significance derives from the uniform character of the entire area, its high concentration late Victorian and Edwardian buildings in sound, generally intact condition, its very few modern intrusive elements and its wide well planted streets.

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This house was once known as "Mimosa" and dates to around 1900
This house was once known as “Mimosa” and dates to around 1900
“Colbinabbin” 118 Canterbury Road Middle Park, Vic by Dean-Melbourne
“Colbinabbin” 118 Canterbury Road Middle Park, Vic by Dean-Melbourne

Marathon and Garden12 Marathon Dr, Mount Eliza, VIC

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Marathon is a large residence and garden established in 1914-24 in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The house features a conspicuous gabled roof, a tall broad stuccoed chimney and contrasting textures of building fabric, typical of the Arts and Crafts style. The style is also demonstrated in the garden design by the geometric compartmentalised areas, many with central axes, terracing and use of stone for steps and retaining walls.

  • The garden style also integrates an uncommon Italian design influence by the use of cypresses, clipped hedges, fountains and statuary . The place is of exceptional interest being one of a few notable homes designed for the Grimwade family and it is one of a small group of large summer residences with extensive grounds erected in the first decade of the twentieth century. [15]
  • Marathon, constructed in 1914, is significant because of the relationship between house and garden. Designed by the architectural partnership Butler and Bradshaw, with substantial extensions designed by Walter and Richard butler in 1924, it is an interesting example of a large beachside residence designed in the Arts and Crafts manner. The garden, also designed by Walter Butler, with its formal terraces, axial layout, structures, stairs, walls, paths, pergolas and ornaments reflects the Arts and Crafts philosophy of garden design, and of creating outdoor “rooms”. It is a fine example of Butler’s garden design, having the grandest plan and being the largest and most intact surviving work.[16]

Alfred Crescent, North Fitzroy

Every Alfred Crescent resident shares the magnificent Edinburgh Gardens as a front yard.

  • The wide, semi-circle street in North Fitzroy accommodates some of the suburb’s oldest and most imposing Victorian and Edwardian homes, dotted between restored terraces, and almost all built around the turn of the century.
  • Most Alfred Crescent homes were built to take advantage of views over parkland, while those at the northern end of the street have expansive views over Fitzroy to the CBD – just four kilometres away.
 65 Alfred Crescent, Fitzroy North
65 Alfred Crescent, Fitzroy North
Video Tour of 65 Alfred Crescent
Video Tour of 65 Alfred Crescent

“This stylish Edwardian brick property (not heritage listed) has good street appeal with its attractive Queen Anne influences and corner position opposite Edinburgh Gardens. The appeal is further enhanced with views over the city from the roof top terrace. What may concern family buyers are the stairs to the upstairs bedroom, as they are steep and have narrow treads making it difficult for young children to use. To my way of thinking this property still needs a considerable renovation as there is no connection to outside from any living/family rooms and the master bedroom lacks an ensuite and wardrobes. That said this property will still hold considerable interest, as buyers will see its proximity to St Georges Road shops and cafes, schools and public transport all big pluses,” [17]

Auld Reekie, 511 Royal Parade Parkville

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Auld Reekie is the last remaining example of the grand mansions once gracing Royal Parade. Fully restored with exceptional craftsmanship, featuring 13 principle rooms over two storeys. Large site area of 2,400 sqm with 30 metre frontage. The 20 metre lap pool forms the centre piece of a lush well established garden.[18]

  • The house dates from 1910, but possibly incorporates an earlier six roomed villa named ‘May Day’ which had been built in 1872 by a butcher called Henry Harper.
Auld Reekie, 511 Royal Parade Parkville
Auld Reekie, 511 Royal Parade Parkville
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  • ‘Auld Reekie’ was constructed by Alexander and Jessie Sturrock who purchased the site in 1908. ‘Auld Reekie is built from red brick with a hipped-gable Marseilles tile roof decorated by tall chimneys, terra cotta chimney pots, ridging, scroll and dragon finials. The belvedere, attic with balcony and verandah complete the picturesque composition.
  • Internally the entrance hall is hexagonal with five rooms radiating outwards. Throughout the five front rooms all the joinery and fittings are original including lead lighting to many of the windows. The ceiling in the sitting room is hand painted with Art Nouveau foliated relief work. The hall has intact blackwood joinery with elaborate door surrounds and fluted pilasters and carved pedimental motifs. The floor is divided into marble squares.
  • The belvedere to ‘Auld Reekie’ and the first floor balcony with gum leaf pattern balustrading are significant, unusual and distinctive features of the style. The intact interiors with original decoration add to the stylistic importance of the building. The distinctive fence of marble pillars and iron palisade is highly unusual as timber fences were more usual during the Federation period.[19]
  • 10 Dec 2007 – 511 Royal Parade, Parkville, a period home on 26,000 square feet, sold for $4.3 million after a successful expression-of-interest campaign.[20]
  • ‘Auld Reekie’ is the last surviving intact grand private residence in north Parkville.

Nocklofty, 551 Royal Pde, Parkville

Acclaimed as one of Melbourne’s most distinctive Federation villas, Nocklofty is renowned for its splendidly proportioned living rooms and exquisitely detailed joinery featuring a profusion of Australian floral and animal motifs, the work of its first owner, the engineer Kenneth Munro, who designed and built the house over several years after 1906. The house, influenced by Art Nouveau and Arts and Crafts Movement trends, is testimony to Munro’s optimistic vision for the newly federated nation. With its decorative belvedere, deep bay windows and elaborately detailed return verandah, the residence presents a dignified facade to Princes Park; it is the only house in Royal Parade to possess a second street frontage to The Avenue.

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  • Nocklofty is a single storey Federation style brick villa designed and built by the owner Kenneth Munro between 1906 and 1908. Kenneth Munro, a retired mining and construction engineer and highly accomplished amateur wood carver, executed all the original exterior and interior decoration and pattern for casting the verandah columns and friezes in terracotta. The style of the house was influenced by northern European house design and wood carving traditions and by the Arts and Crafts movement. The face red brickwork, with bands of Mount Gambier limestone and ornamental tiles, was originally unpainted. Windows contain diamond leadlights and stained glass lead lights with Art Nouveau designs.
  • Munro carved the ornamental wood work for Nocklofty in the workshops constructed adjacent to the stables. In particular his work can be seen in Californian Redwood bargeboards, depicting gum leaves and nuts, and on the verandah which is supported by terracotta columns and bases, cast at Cornwall Potteries in Brunswick to Munro’s own designs.
  • Internally Munro has carved impressive jarrah overdoors and overmantels, with fauna and flora, such that each carved piece symbolises the use of the room. An eagle spreads its wings on the overmantel of the dining room, whilst the overdoor is carved to depict grapes. Carved c0ckatoos perch on the master bedroom overdoor. The children’s bedroom was crowned by magpies and an owl, the bathroom by water lilies and an egret. The hall stand and bench contain the Munro coat of arms.

Belmont Flats, 86 Alma Rd, St Kilda, VIC

Belmont Flats, 86 Alma Rd, St Kilda
Belmont Flats, 86 Alma Rd, St Kilda
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‘Belmont’ was designed by architect Frank Richardson. “This priceless 1920s apartment boasts house-sized proportions, is refreshingly quiet and adorned in fabulous Arts & Crafts period features. Meticulously renovated & exceptionally spacious it also features off-street parking, a secure marbled entrance foyer which greets you with its sheer grandeur & moves you into your expansive home with two hotel sized bedrooms, a third single bedroom, very large separate living & dining rooms both with breathtaking fireplaces and a study/large office. The towering ceilings, lead-lights, fireplaces, decorative cornices & ceilings, timber detail & high quality finishes define elegance & period sophistication.”[21]

  • “This is an early suburban block of flats in Melbourne and features a symmetrical main facade which is most unusual in this period and is illustrative of the architectural transition from the asymmetry characteristic of the Federation period. This also reflects the way in which the architect attempted to come to terms with such a new building form as the block of flats. The mansard roofed garage is also very unusual, being built several decades after the period when such roof forms were in vogue.”[22]

Edwardian Semidetached Houses, 2-6, 8-10 Fitzroy St, St Kilda

6, 8-10 Fitzroy St, St Kilda
6, 8-10 Fitzroy St, St Kilda
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These elaborate double storey semi-detatched Edwardians / Federation Freestyle mansions are part of a conservation precinct which made sure that they were preserved.[23]
Nos 2 to 10 Fitzroy Street comprise two buildings containing three (Nos 2-6) and two (Nos 8-10) semi-detached houses. Nos 2-6 are known as Elenara and Thalassa.

  • Susanna Jamieson commissioned architect George Cummings to design all of the houses, Nos 8-10 being constructed in 1906 and Nos 2-6 in 1908-09. Both people lived locally. The builder was S Probert. Nos 2-6 were apparently used together as a single private hotel from the start.
  • A contemporary account illustrates this use in 1914: ‘…a home of palatial residences and hotels in Fitzroy Street, the main thoroughfare leading down to the Esplanade, but none are more attractive than Elenara at the corner of Acland Street, with its quaint architecture and great stretch of windows, making one of the most pleasant pictures on a summer’s eve when the lights are glowing. It gives so reposeful an impression and that is deepened as one moves through the sumptuously furnished and carpeted rooms, finished with the touch of an artist.[24]

Majella, 473 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, VIC

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Majella is of considerable significance as a remnant of the earlier residential scale of St Kilda Road, now dominated by high rise buildings and of the large Victorian and Edwardian mansions that formerly combined to make St Kilda Road a prestigious residential avenue. It appears to be the only surviving house built on St Kilda Road after 1900.

  • Majella is also significant for its association with the manufacturer and inventor James Alston, one of Australia’s most important nineteenth century industrialists who developed and patented several windmill designs.
  • Majella is architecturally significant as a substantial intact residence in the Federation Arts and Crafts Style, with notable interior finishes and detailing and with an innovative use of faience and reinforced concrete in a residential building.
  • A two storey red brick Edwardian residence of assymetrical composition with tile roof, bay and bow windows and half timbered and stuccoed gable ends. The verandah and balcony are notable for the use of faience panels and paired Ionic columns combined with simple timber balustrade detailing.
  • Generously proportioned interior with impressive staircase, wood panelled entrance hall, leadlighting to bow windows, original finishes and fittings to bathroom and various original fittings throughout. Majella is notable for the use of reinforced concrete to the verandah and balcony with the hollow faience columns acting as permanent formwork.

Little Milton, 26 Albany Road, Toorak

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An iconic Toorak mansion, situated on Albany Road (one of Melbourne’s finest streets – with prestigious 60m frontage) and the corner of Whernside Avenue.
Little Milton is was built in 1926 on two allotments subdivided from the former Whernside estate. The house was designed in the Old English/Arts and Crafts style by Muriel Stott (1889-1985) in association with the architectural firm Stephenson and Meldrum

  • Built in the English arts and crafts style by architect Muriel Stott and landscaping by Edna Walling.
  • Recently totally renovated including new: North-South tennis court, unique indoor/outdoor pool and recreation area and vast parking underneath. Two ponds and extensive entertaining areas. Land size 2,476m2 approx.
  • Little Milton was the luxurious home of late businessman and Corona Group executive John Batkin.
  • The circa 1926, five-bedroom mansion (pictured, right) is at the north-east corner of Whernside Avenue, and Albany Road – which most advocates and agents agree is Toorak’s most expensive street.
  • Recently, a new tennis court was developed atop a 12-car underground garage, Little Milton’s overall block size is 2476 square metres
  • Little Milton is historically significant for its fifty year association with the Moran family of the famous grocery firm Moran and Cato. It is socially significant as an outstanding example of an inter war mansion which typified the breaking up of the large 19th century Toorak estates such as Whernside. It is also of social interest in that, unusually for the time, its architecture and landscape design were executed by women.[25]
Landscaping by Edna Walling.
Landscaping by Edna Walling.
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Coomaroo, 63A Albany Road Toorak

“Coomaroo mansion, (not heritage listed) at 63A Albany Road, sold to property developer, and neighbour Len Warson for $8.4 million in 2007. NowGlenvill Homes boss Len Warson is selling the Coomaroo mansion, at 63 Albany Road, after carrying out a major renovation of the 5-bedroom home.

external image 63A%2520Albany%2520Road%2520Toorak.jpg[26]

“Mr Warson paid $8.4 million for Coomaroo last year (2007), before subdividing the then 2,400 square metre block, into three. Mr Warson will incorporate one of these blocks into the backyard of his estate next door. The restored Coomaroo mansion, now on a 1,294 square metre block, is expected to sell for around $6 million. A block of land between the two homes, measuring 511 square metres, is for sale separately at about $2 million.[27]

Darnlee, 33 Lansell Rd, Toorak, VIC

Darnlee, 33 Lansell Rd, Toorak, VIC
Darnlee, 33 Lansell Rd, Toorak, VIC
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Darnlee, constructed c. 1899 by builder J. Gibb, was designed by architect Leonard J. Flannagan for Mr C. McIntyre. It was a private residence until the Second World War when it was used as a hostel for the WAAF. Subsequently Darnlee has been occupied by the Health Department, serving as a tuberculosis rehabilitation centre, and the Department of Education, and was converted into an aged care facility in the late 1990s. Darnlee is a finely detailed and essentially intact example of a Federation Queen Anne style residence.[28]

  • Darnlee, built in 1895, is significant as an excellent example of Melbourne’s Federation Queen Anne style of architecture. Architectural details of particular note include the conical tower clad with terra cotta shingles and decorative mouldings, the terra cotta roof tiles, crests and finials, front porch with timber columns, leadlights and encaustic tiled pavement and the decorative barge boards.
  • Incorporated in the building is a conical tower clad with terra cotta shingles as well as decorative mouldings; terra cotta tiles clad the steep gable roofs which occur in profusion and are crowned with terra cotta cresting and finials. Of particular note is the use and execution of timber decorative and structural elements; the front gable is decoratively carved and heavy turned timber columns support the timber framing of the entrance porch. The entrance also retains its original leadlighting around the front door and the encaustic tile pavement. The residence remains largely externally intact.

Edzell, 76 St Georges Rd, Toorak, VIC

Edzell House Toorak. Photo:
Edzell House Toorak. Photo:
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Edzell House Toorak. Photo:
Edzell House Toorak. Photo:
Edzell House Toorak. Photo:
Edzell House Toorak. Photo:

The house Dame Nellie sang in“.
Edzell was originally designed by the architects, Reed, Smart and Tappin in 1892 for James Cooper Stewart (1836-1919), a prominent Melbourne lawyer, Alderman of the Melbourne City Council and former Mayor (1885-86). The architect, Alfred Smart, was in charge of the design.

  • In 1917 the noted architect, Walter Richmond Butler, designed extensive but sympathetic external additions and a garden for the building’s new owner, George Russell. Butler laid out many gardens for the buildings he constructed, and these gardens were then ranked among one of that architect’s major landscaping works.
  • Subsequently, under the ownership of Mrs Rose Krantz, the architect Edward Billson, a prominent twentieth century architect, designed the subdivision of the interior in two maisonettes during 1935, and by 1947 it had been divided into six flats. This involved superficial internal alterations and a new stair. Billson was the first Australian pupil of Walter Burley Griffin and designed the splendid Sanitarium Factory buildings in Warburton (1936-39). His characteristic motif of a leaping deer is found on Edzell and some of the neighbouring buildings.


The Strand in Williamstown is without question the most expensive street in Melbourne’s west. She said the design of the street allowed for the most amazing views over Hobsons Bay, the CBD, Port Melbourne and even further on clear days.
Residences on The Strand are a mix of Federation homes, in amongst new homes many which span more than 100 square and appear almost entirely constructed of glass.

59 Champion Road, Williamstown, Vic

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The residence at 59 Champion Road is of historical significance for its strong associations with the Newport Railway Workshops, one of the most important surviving 19th century railway workshops in the world. It is of architectural importance as an intact example of a Bungalow style suburban villa of the late Federation/Edwardian period.

  • The refined design displays Californian and Craftsman Bungalow influences, as well as remnants of Melbourne’s Queen Anne. It shows treatments of planning and circulation, dominant ridge and gable with projecting secondary gables, and relation of roofs to the plan, which are typical of the Bungalow of this period.
  • Other typical features are window bays with lead-lights, red brick, Marseilles tile, expressed structural timber-work, roughcast and shingles in the gables, and abstracted brackets to the eaves, porches and verandahs. The hierarchy of spaces and related hierarchy of finishes and materials are demonstrative of the type of lifestyle considered appropriate for an occupant of the status of the railway yards deputy manager. At the same time, the plan and form are well adapted to the orientation of the site.[29]
  • “A magnificent residence, this glamorous family home offers so much space and classic styling. Faithfully restored with care and attention to detail, the result is a fine example of the late Federation/Edwardian era.
  • Eight main exceptionally large rooms including two separate living areas and sunroom, along with four bedrooms plus a study, main with large ensuite, spa and spacious WIR
  • Features include three gas fireplaces, polished floors, picture rails, extensive leadlight, bay windows, ceiling roses, high ceilings, French doors, hydronic heating and wide entrance hall[30]

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