Federation Bungalow style

 

external image 120px-SydneyBuilding0159.jpg
external image 120px-RangersCottage.JPG external image Image.153%20Copeland%20Road%20BEECROFT%20NSW.jpg external image 161%20Copeland%20Road%20BEECROFT%20NSW.jpg
Arundel, Harrow Road,Bexley, NSW Ranger’s cottage,
Centennial Park, NSW
153 Copeland Road Beecroft 161 Copeland RoadBeecroft
external image 4305625t1.jpg
external image 3%252520Boomerang%252520St%252520Haberfield%252520in%252520Spring%252520.jpg
external image 27Yaralla2720c.jpg
external image 51%2520Stanton%2520Road%2520Haberfield%2520Spring%2520058-TN.jpg
Haberfield, NSW Haberfield, NSW 37 Dudley Street
Haberfield, NSW
Haberfield, NSW
20 Strickland Avenue, Lindfield, NSW
20 Strickland Avenue, Lindfield, NSW
33 Middle Harbour Road, Lindfield, NSW
33 Middle Harbour Road, Lindfield, NSW
42 Trafalgar Avenue, Lindfield, NSW
42 Trafalgar Avenue, Lindfield, NSW
17 Waimea Road, Lindfield, NSW
17 Waimea Road, Lindfield, NSW

 

Kensington010_web.jpg
A well-cared for Federation Bungalow in Doncaster Avenue Kensington NSW

The Bungalow style was usually a single-storey house with a prominent veranda, especially with the roof covering the verandah.


  • “The developer Richard Stanton first introduced the American style bungalow to Sydney in 1906 and by 1912 this new type of compact servantless house was being erected across Sydney by speculative builders.” – See Haberfield, the Garden Suburb
  • “The influence of the carefully crafted Californian Bungalows can be seen in the work of architects who had worked and travelled in America, particularly Alexander Stuart Jolly and James Peddle.
  • The more geometric Chicago Style was introduced to Sydney by the Griffins.
  • By 1915 the bungalow was being promoted as **the ideal home**, in contrast to the terrace house form popular in the nineteenth century. (e.g. “Bring Back Bungalows“)In the years immediately after World War I, an Australian variant of the bungalow emerged, a brick house with the characteristic series of low gables. See Beecroft Federation Heritage
  • In country towns a different palette of materials were used, timber or timber combined with fibrous cement sheeting.
  • By the 1930s the popularity of the bungalow was declining.” – Scott Robertson, HHT 2012 talk

The Federation Bungalow style was the Australian response to the bungalow style that was developed in America by people like Gustav Stickley. (Gustav Stickley was a furniture manufacturer, design leader, publisher and the chief proselytizer for the American Craftsman style, an extension of the British Arts and Crafts movement. Wikipedia)

Definitive Examples of Federation Bungalows

Below from Wikipedia on Australian residential architectural styles

Rathmore_tn.jpg Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0129.jpg Casa_Tasso,_Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0127.jpg
Federation Bungalow, Rathmore, Rokeby,
Camberwell VIC built 1891
Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales Casa Tasso, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Federation_Bungalow_SydneyBuilding0130.jpg Ostia,_Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0128.jpg Federation_Bungalow_SydneyBuilding0161.jpg
‘Amalfi’ 2 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales ‘Ostia’ 16 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales

This guide courtesy City of Bayswater “Character Protection Area No 1

Dominant Characteristics of Federation Bungalows

These definitive examples of the Federation Bungalow style share the qualities of

  • single story buildings, with high ceilings, without a separate verandah gable
    Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
    Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
  • wide, without stucco masonry columns (characteristic of inter-war bungalow)
  • casement front windows,
  • chimneys
  • homely simplicity, robust honesty.
  • usually minimal timber detailing (except this filigree example!)
  • outdoor toilets and laundry

The Federation Bungalow style can be regarded as a transition between the Federation Queen Anne and the Inter-War California Bungalow

  • These bungalows lost the picturesque complexities of the Queen Anne style and
  • do not display their structural carpentry as much as the Californian Bungalow.
  • Good description of the Australian Californian Bungalow

City of Cockburn Architectural Style Information Brochure:
1890-1915 Federation Bungalow houses have many of these features:Federation Bungalow features.jpg

  • Single Storey, Ground Hugging,
  • Commodious verandahs
  • Use of ‘natural’ materials
  • Simple massing of forms
  • Traditional brick or stud-framed baring wall
  • Timber roof construction and detailing
  • Detailed high quality finishes within front rooms
  • Ceiling mouldings, Moulded architraves
  • Stucco detailing
  • Multi-paned and coloured casement or sliding sash windows
  • Gable ends ornamented with roughcast and battens painted in dark colours
  • Roofs covered with terracotta tiles
  • Turned timber or cast iron columns and balustrades
  • Roughcast walling
  • Masonary verandah piers, sandstone in the Sydney area, with turned timber verandah posts

Federation_Bungalow_Style.gif

Gallery

Federation bungalows in Australia often vary quite widely from one another in appearance, and below here are ten very different examples, showing

  1. Filigree,
  2. Simplicity, and
  3. Queen Anne styles.

1. Filigree Bungalows

Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales  example of Queen Anne Bungalow
Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales example of Queen Anne Bungalow

 

Queensland Filigree Bungalow
Queensland Filigree Bungalow

 

Edwardian style house in Heidelberg, Victoria - example of filigree bungalow
Edwardian style house in Heidelberg, Victoria – example of filigree bungalow

 

2. Simple Bungalow Cottages

Bungalow,_Shaftsbury_Road,_Burwood_Bungalow667.JPG
Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood

 

Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales

 

Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales

 

3. Queen Anne Bungalows

Arundel_SydneyBuilding0159.jpg

Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney

 

California Bungalow

Inter-War (Californian) Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood
Inter-War (Californian) Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood

 

W.A. Heritage Guidelines for Federation Bungalows

City of Cockburn, W.A.

external image Cockburn%2520Federation%2520Bungalow1.jpg
external image Cockburn%2520Federation%2520Bungalow2.jpg
From:
http://www.cockburn.wa.gov.au/documents/CouncilServices/CityDevlpmt/Heritage/Federation_Bungalow.pdf.pdf

City of Vincent, W.A.

external image Vincent%2520Federation%2520Bungalow1.jpg
external image Vincent%2520Federation%2520Bungalow2.jpg
From:
http://www.vincentheritage.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/CS132_Federation_02a.pdf

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s