Federation Fences

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See also: Haberfield Fencing

  • Victorian style houses were characterised by iron palisade or acorn-headed timber picket fences, while
  • Federation style houses provided plainer flat-topped timber picket fences, or sometimes a combination of masonry and wrought iron

 

Australian Heritage Fence Styles:

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Federation Queen Anne style house with late Victorian style picket fence

 

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1850s Gold rush economy Colonial and Gothic Simple pickets
1880s Victorian land boom Victorian Ornate Pickets/rippleiron
1900s Federation Federation and Edwardian Featured gates & caps
1910s Edwardian era / Ist world war Edwardian Arts & crafts
1920s Art Deco Californian Bungalow Woven wire
1930s Great Depression Garden City movement Chain mesh
1940s 2nd world war the low brick fence Late deco, double brick homes The low brick fence

Table thanks to Dave English, Resurrection Gates and Fences
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From: http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/StrategicPlanningDocuments/Federation__Edwardian_Fencing_Guidelines.pdf

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Closed Federation Fence

 

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How to Install a Picket Fence By: Jefferson Kolle, This Old House magazine

Construction

In the most common construction, the pickets are mounted vertically on a pair of parallel stretchers (horizontal strips), one near the bottom and one near the top.

  • These strips are attached to posts (upright sturdy poles made of timber or possibly metal) that are driven into the ground.
  • The fence can be assembled from prefabricated sections, where the posts of each section are posted into the ground but
  • the pickets or boards that make up the fence wall are not inserted into the ground.
  • Federation style fences combine palings, lattice panels. and decorative finials.
  • The fence is usually built as either 2.4 or 2.7 feet high.

 

Edwardian and Federation Fence detailing

The following excellent examples are all from

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Heritage Fencing South Australia

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Picket Fence Components from Heritage Fencing

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Picket styles from Heritage Fencing S.A.
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