The Federation Heritage of Adelaide, South Australia
Source: This work is almost wholly derived from the STATELY HOMES: THE MIRROR AND METAPHOR OF COLONIAL SOUTH AUSTRALIA, Volume 3, House Profiles by Doctor Robert M. Stone, to whom I am very grateful.
- Nearly all of these photos are from his theses and photographed by Dr R.M. Stone.
|Highlights on this page:||Gallery of Photos||Slideshow|
Wairoa front of the house
- Also see page Gothic Queen Anne style
|Forest lodge drawing room, bay window|
|Forest lodge Medici garden|
|Forest lodge and garden|
1890-1891. Encouraged by Sir Edward Stirling, John Bagot built Forest Lodge, a Gothic mansion designed by Ernest Bayer
HERITAGE LISTING: Local heritage listing. A submission is currently being prepared for both the house and gardens to be added to the State Heritage Register.
|Forest lodge main entry, stained glass|
The main garden is a good example of late Victorian garden design, while the lower part is an excellent example of an Italian vista. In addition, the extensive collection of conifers was in 1943 pronounced by Mr Lane Poole (Canberra Conservator of Natural Forests) to be the most complete public or private collection in Australia.
- HISTORY: 1890-1891. Encouraged by Sir Edward Stirling, John Bagot built Forest Lodge, a Gothic mansion designed by Ernest Bayer.
- John Bagot travelled overseas to obtain plants for the gardens at Forest Lodge. He also supplied plants for to Edward Stirling (St Vigeans) and Tom Barr Smith (Wairoa) (Martin, 1996:121); both gardens are listed on the State Heritage Register.
- John’s son, Walter Hervey Bagot, inherited Forest Lodge.
- c2000. The property remained in the Bagot family until purchased by the current owners, Christine and Martin Bowman.
CURRENT USE: Private residence. The former manager’s house is also a private residence
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: One of the few 19th century stately homes that has not undergone any radical changes. The driveway to the house meanders on its original line through the gardens. There are in excess of 20 acres of former gardens, the layout of which is shown in AH5.1, although the house is no longer visible through the mature trees.
- The interior of the house been maintained to its original colour scheme and design. The main reception rooms, a drawing room and a smoking room/ library open off the main entrance hall. The main hall leads to a communication corridor to the servants’ quarters, the main stair case to the family quarters and an exit to the gardens. The dining room is off the communication corridor.
- There are two other wings: the servant’s quarters and the kitchens. There is a butler’s pantry and a servants’ sitting room.
- Forest Lodge, while not visible from the road, is an example where the impact on the cultural landscape has not been compromised.
- Sold $1,650,000 in Sep 2002. House: Land size: 64,150 sqm. Distance: 14.9 km to CBD; 9.2 km to Glenalta Station
Now Marbury School, including Main House (former dwelling ‘Wairoa’), & Guesthouse, Stables, Garden, Gatehouse and Gates
- “Marbury School, formerly known as Wairoa Estate, is one of the few remaining examples of Victorian style summer retreats in the Adelaide Hills built for the South Australian gentry in the late nineteenth century. Other examples include Marble Hill, Forest Lodge, and Carminow (Criterion B2).”
“It is an uncommon and outstanding example of a hills estate featuring significant original architectural and garden design elements”
- See also Gothic Queen Anne style
Interior: Rooms with gracious proportions with original timber skirtings and plaster work. Tiled entry foyer with archway to stairwell. Polished and painted mahogany staircase with carved and turned painted baluster and polished handrail and carved Chinese newel post. William Morris wallpapers in some rooms. Five polished fire surrounds and mantelpieces to main fireplaces. Two original cast iron fire screens.”
Garden: The large Victorian garden is integral to the original building complex. The garden was planned by William Austin Horn and head gardener George Sparrow, laid out around the house , reputedly in the style of Baron Ferdinand Von Mueller. The gardens remain substantially as laid out, as recorded in a painting by W Tibbets of 1897, however they have become more heavily forested over the years. The garden structure follows the Victorian Romantic style with interconnecting pathways following the contour of the valley beneath the house. The pathways broaden to grassed slopes and a groups of recreational lawns including tennis court, bowling green and croquet lawn. … The garden was planted with camellias, rhododendrons, banks of shrubs and a canopy of exotic trees. The trees which remain today include weeping-elm, magnolia, copper beech, pin oaks and conifers.”
- Wiaroa is a historic home and garden located in the Adelaide Hills between Aldgate and Stirling in South Australia. The gardens are regularly open to the public as part of the Australian Open Garden Scheme. Wikipedia
- HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 13962
- HISTORY: 1893. Wairoa was built on 30 acres of land for William Horn.
- William Horn (Grenfell Price Lodge, North Adelaide) was a wealthy company director, miner and pastoralist. He was a member of the House of Assembly.
- 1893. Wairoa was purchased by Tom Barr Smith who also owned Beechwood, and Birksgate. Wairoa became a focus of Adelaide Society.
- 1942. After T. Barr Smith’s death, the house passed to his daughter, Joanna Gosse.
- 1972. The property was sold and converted for Marbury School.
- 2009. The house has reverted to private ownership and is being restored as both a residence and convention centre
- CURRENT USE: Private residence & convention centre
|Stone Steps by Leanne Osmond|
IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Wairoa is not only known for its stately home, but also for its heritage listed garden.
- The majority of the original outbuildings, including the gate house, still exist, and have been converted into private residences. The house is obscured from the road but as one approaches the house along the winding driveway through the gardens, the house gradually comes into view.
The gardens are being restored and are opened to the public on special occasions. (“Volunteer Gardeners are welcome to join us in the Wairoa Garden on Tuesdays between 10am and 5pm. Light lunch provided. Contact Kirsty or Wendy in advance.”)
- Wairoa, and the adjacent Beechwood, are evidence of the stately homes built as summer residences for wealthy colonists in the 19th century. Wairoa is an important part of the cultural landscape.
|Albyn House. Renovations not yet completed|
CURRENT USE: (St) Albyn is currently being renovated (2010).
“A two storey stone and brick dwelling with projecting bay to corner surrounded by verandah and balcony. Facade features terracotta panels in bands. Stone construction with brick quoins, surrounds to windows and doors. Hipped roof clad with corrugated galvanised iron with brick chimneys. Interiorhas been damaged with the removal of fire surrounds and filling of fireplaces and removal of fittings and fixtures. Superb central stairwell and gallery intact.”
- HISTORY: 1883. The property was purchased by William Taylor who, while still in England, ordered the materials for the house. The lace, bricks and timber were bought from Glasgow, Scotland.
- 1885. Albyn House was built on 15acres and included a tennis court and croquet field.
- Early 1890s. Albyn House was sold to Hirsh Krantz, a Russian Jew; who went to Broken Hill on his arrival in Australia and had extensive property and interests in Leonora gold mine. He was a member of the Adelaide Stock Exchange. His brother, Ralph, married the daughter of Sir Lewis Cohan, the Lord Mayor of Adelaide.
- 1927. Hirsh Krantz began the subdivision of the Albyn House estate.
IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE. Albyn House was the centre of culture in Adelaide and was associated with fine musicians (Warburton, 1981:243).
- Today the house is on a small block of land which is a negative feature and is surrounded by modest suburban residences Although Albyn House is undergoing extensive renovations to restore the property to its original state, its impact on the current cultural landscape is diminished because of the cramped position and the surrounding housing; there is no evidence of the extensive 19th century gardens.
- The coach house appears as another family residence in a suburban street. No early photographs of the coach house have been discovered and hence it is not possible to say whether the rusticated freestone columns are original or added during the time of the subdivision of the estate in the 1920s.
- A ‘lean to’ addition has been added to the rear of the premises.
- Nothing else remains which would associate the coach house with the stately home
|Attunga, c1944. Official opening|
- See also Attunga, Toorak Gardens at Wikipedia
- HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 12764.
“Historically, Attunga is significant because of its association with a leading Adelaide manufacturing firm and also because it represents an important philanthropic gift and the re-use of a domestic building as a civic amenity and war memorial combined. Architecturally, the item is important because it is a good example of Edwardian picturesque Queen Anne design and construction that emerged from the office of F W Danker and of a large mansion which establishes and emphasizes the local turn of the century character.”
Attunga, Burnside Memorial Hospital
- The design is typically Edwardian picturesque Queen Anne. Planning is asymmetrical with large rooms at lower level. Upper level originally contained bedrooms, bathroom, dressing room etc. Masonry wall construction with rusticated stonework and brick quoining to corners and Edwardian opening surrounds.
- Gables and turret ornament is typically Edwardian/ Federation Queen Anne: precast bracket, button mouldings, and half timbered infill. Two bas relief floral panels adorn the western gable walls.
- An imposing entrance hall has embossed papier mache ceilings and Palladian arch. Other ground floor rooms display ornate ceilings, fireplace surrounds and ornate timber grills to bay window nook. (NB in no way is the decoration Edwardian, but more Victorian in style)
Attunga, Burnside Memorial Hospital Entrance
- CURRENT USE: Burnside Memorial Hospital.
- HISTORY: 1900-1901. Attunga was built by Benjamin Burford as his private residence. Burford was a successive businessman and soap manufacturer (W. Burford and Sons).
- 1907. The property was sold to Otto Van Rieban.
- 1944. Otto Van Rieban donated the property to the Burnside Hospital
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: A section of the former extensive gardens still exists. Being surrounded by hospital buildings, there is little to suggest, to the casual observer, that this was once a stately home. Placed in the context of a hospital, Attunga has now assumed an image of administrative building, purpose built for that function.
- The removal of the gable over the front entrance has not detracted from the 19th century architecture.
Looking North over the Adelaide Plains
Rear (North face)
Front (South face)
Front (South face)
|Birralee, c1899, from the main entrance|
HERITAGE LISTING: Local heritage, BEL.021. Mitcham Conservation Zone.
- HISTORY: 1897. Birralee was built for Dr Thomas Kinley Hamilton; he was Commissioner of the nearby Belair National Park (1904-1912).
- 1914. The house and 50 acres of gardens and orchards was offered for sale
Birralee, c1899, path from the gardens
- 1922. Purchased by William Burford.
- 1939-1944. Temporary premises of Scotch College whilst their premises (Torrens Park Estate, MI12) were used by the armed forces.
- 1944. Compulsorily acquired by the government as a tuberculosis repatriation hospital.
- 1960s. Converted to nursing home.
- 1978. Purchased by the South Australian Government for use by the Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Board. It was called St Anthony’s Hospital;
- 1988 Sold to Johannes Ehmann.
- 1992 Ownership transferred to Ehmann and Valmai Spicer.
- CURRENT USE: Private residence
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: The conversion of Birralee into a hospital and a school, was typical of the future use of many stately homes in the 20th century. Birralee has now been restored as a private residence and is situated with a City of Mitcham Conservation Zone. The house still has extensive grounds and the original driveway has been retained.
Birralee, c1899, rear view from the gardens
- Birralee was located in one of the residential enclaves of prominent 19th century professional and businessman. Now part of a Conservation Zone, it continues to have an impact on the cultural landscape
- See also Federation Bungalow style
|Dunluce (locally known as ‘the castle’ because of its crenellated towers) was built in 1912.* The current owners … take you on a tour of the house and tell you about its history.||
|Dunluce, street view|
HERITAGE LISTING: Local heritage.
|Dunluce, street view|
- CURRENT USE: Private residence. Was open for tours hourly on Monday 14 May 2012, tours hourly throughout day, starting from 9.30 am. Last tour starts at 3 pm
- HISTORY: 1912. “This grand design” of Dunluce was built for the reverend Alexander Macully, a man of private means, who was the priest of Saint Jude’s Anglican Church at Brighton.
- The house was based on a wing of Dunluce Castle in Ireland.
- The house originally occupied 12 acres of land but this has since been subdivided for suburban housing.
- Dunluce has remained a private dwelling.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Dunluce was built on an elevated site and still dominates the immediate horizon. The house is surrounded by suburban houses and now occupies a modest block of land; part of the original garden is visible in a neighbouring house.
- Although Dunluce was built in the latter period (of the sample), it is still an example of the stately homes built in the early decades of the colony.
- Sold $1,315,000 in Feb 2005; House: Land size: 1,356 sqm. Distance: 12.5 km to CBD; 780 meters to Brighton Station
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 12684
|Forsyth House, north elevation|
- HISTORY: 1850. The area was the centre of a thriving profitable nursery and fruit growing business. Ebenezer Pitt was an early settler in the Payneham area.
- 1913. Arthur Ebenezer Pitt, son of Ebenezer Pitt, built the house which was originally called Kahurangi. The property originally had extensive orchards.
- 1943. The house remained in the Pitt family until the entire property was sold to the Central Mission Old Folks Home Incorporated; the name was then changed to Forsyth House.
- 2008. The property has been developed as an aged care facility.
- CURRENT USE: Aldersgate Nursing Home
Forsyth House, entrance and hallway
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: This large house has many of the architectural features characteristic of a stately home of the period; turret, bay windows, imposing tower with a castellated balcony and extensive use of stained glass windows. However later alterations, externally and internally, the loss of the grounds and gardens and the construction of accommodation units which surround the former stately home, have significantly reduced the impact that Kahurangi would have had on the cultural landscape.
Forsyth House, drawing room, bay window
- See also Federation Queen Anne style
|Kapara, c1910, and 1989|
- CURRENT USE: Aged care facility.
- HISTORY: 1897. Kapara was built for G. A. Jury, a partner in G. & R. Wills.
- The original property was extensive and included stables, gardens, aviaries and an outdoor gymnasium; there were 3-4 gardeners. (Glenelg Heritage Survey, 1983:140).
Kapara, portico and hallway
- Jury married Elizabeth Reischbieth and their son Charles became Professor of English at Adelaide University.
- 1921. Kapara was purchased by The Repatriation Department and converted to a repatriation hostel; it was named Anzac Hostel.
- 1940. The property was acquired by the Red Cross and additions were made to the rear of the building.
- 1978. Kapara was purchased by Aged Cottage Homes and developed as an aged care complex.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: As with many 19th century stately homes, Kapara was built at a time when it was feasible to maintain a large house and to employ a number of servants and gardeners. There was a cultural and economic change after WWI and many of these stately homes were adapted for other uses, especially for hospitals and schools. Fortunately there have not been significant changes to the front of the building and Kapara continues to provide an insight into the lifestyle of wealthy colonists in the 19th century.
- The interior of the building has undergone significant changes and, other than the front section, it is difficult to interpret the earlier configuration and use.
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 14152
|Karrawood, west elevation|
Karrawood is constructed of random coursed, squared blue stone, with brick quoins; brick has also been used extensively for the entrance porch which features a large stained glass window. The north east section of the house appears to be an earlier architectural style; this section is above the cellar.
|Karrawood, front entrance and vestibule|
|Karrawood, vestibule, main hall|
- The rear section of the interior of the house has been significantly altered plus additional student recreation rooms have been added to the eastern side. The entrance hall, main hall and reception rooms are largely unchanged and are an example of a late 19th design; no longer the flamboyant decoration of the Victorian period.
HISTORY: 1897. Karrawood was built in the late 19th century by Matthew Goode, an important merchant. He had premises in North Adelaide and Grenfell Street, Adelaide.
- Matthew Goode was a member of the Adelaide City Council and was noted for his philanthropic work, especially as a founder of the Bush Mission to the Aboriginals.
- 1931. The property was purchased by Malcolm Reid, a prominent retailer and merchant.
- CURRENT USE: Loreto College, student accommodation
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Karrawood is one of several large homes owned by Loreto College, including The Acacias (NSSP10) which collectively make an important contribution to the cultural landscape of the area. The houses have retained their extensive grounds with Karrawood being part of an exclusive residential enclave. The exterior of the building has not undergone any significant changes although the laundry, which existed in at the time of the 1984 heritage survey, has now been demolished.
- With the retention of the original front walls and gates, extensive grounds, Karrawood is an important example of a stately home built towards the end of the 19th century.
|Partridge House 2007|
- HERITAGE LISTING: Local heritage register.
- CURRENT USE: Community park and reception centre.
- HISTORY: 1899. Partridge House was built for Elinor Varley.
- 1912. Purchased by Hugh McLaughlin, pastoralist.
- 1971. After refusing a development application which would have resulted in the demolition of Partridge House, the property was purchased by the Glenelg Council with assistance from the state government on the condition that it be used as community park
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Partridge House was one of a number of stately homes which formed an exclusive residential enclave; Woodlands (ref HB15) is nearby. The house is still surrounded by extensive gardens although, at the rear, the area has been grassed as a community facility.
- Partridge House is an example of the changing architectural style towards the end of the 19th century with a greater use of brick.
|Springfield House, Springfield South Australia|
“Significant as one of Adelaide’s mansions, with an historical association with some of Adelaide’s prominent families. The house itself is of interest as one that incorporates buildings supposedly dating from the 1840s. Within the house some fine quality timbers are used displaying excellent craftsmanship. There is some remaining evidence of the William Morris products that once were used in the house.”
|Springfield House, 1940, 2007|
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 14776.
|Springfield House, front entrance|
- CURRENT USE: Private residence.
- HISTORY: c1840s. A six roomed house was built on 40 acres of land by Charles Burton Newenham; he was appointed Sheriff and Auditor General in 1839. He named the property Springfield.
- C1870. Purchased by Charles Burton Hardy, a solicitor, who added the west wing and developed the gardens. The extensions were designed by English and Soward.
- 1896. A mortgagee foreclosure resulted in the property passing to John Charles Taylor.
- 1897. Springfield was purchased by Frank and Annie Rymill (also Rymill House, ACC13). A second story was added to the house; again designed by English and Soward.
- 1908. Leased Robert Symons
- 1927. The majority of the land was sold to Springfield Real Estate; the land was subdivided and is now the suburb of Springfield and is part of the City of Mitcham.
- 1929. The house and gardens were bought by Francis Villneuve, a solicitor. Springfield was altered internally.
- 1933. Purchased by Eugine Matison, a medical practitioner.
- 1962. Purchased by Louise Miriam Ligetwood, a descendent of Eugine Matison.
- 1972. The land was subdivided and the title to the house transferred to Judge Neli Ligetwood and Miriam Ligetwood
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Springfield is one of Adelaide’s outstanding stately homes which still has a commanding presence in the exclusive residential enclave. The house still has extensive formal gardens and is now surrounded by large houses, most of which were built after 1927.
- Springfield continued as a focus of social life; during the ownership of the Judge Ligetwood many concerts by famous chamber orchestras were played in the ballroom.
- “At one stage there was a grand piano that was signed by Daniel Barenboim, a world-renowned pianist, when he visited (he is now general music director of La Scala in Milan and Berlin State Opera),” the current owner of this 33-room state heritage-listed home says.
Under their loving hand, the grand rooms have been painstakingly restored. Read More
Mercedes College, 540-542 Fullarton Road, Springfield; former “Strathspey” House – former house – facade, side walls, roof form & material, chimneys, windows, and external fabric detailing; former gatehouse – form & external fabric
|Strathspey, north elevation|
HERITAGE LISTING: Local Heritage, SPR007.
|Strathspey, front elevation|
- CURRENT USE: Mercedes, non-government Catholic school.
- HISTORY: 1890s. The 18 acre site was once part of the Springfield Estate and bought by Sir John Duncan (also Hughes Park, CGV3). John Duncan, pastoralist and Member of Parliament, inherited his wealth from his uncle, Walter Hughes (Torrens Park Estate).
- 1891 John Duncan built Strathspey, a 26 roomed house, designed by G. K. Soward.
- 1927. Following the death of Lady Duncan, Strathspey was donated to the University of Adelaide for a residential college. The property was renamed St Andrews.
- 1937. The site was too far from the University so Strathspey was sold to Frank and Marjorie Connell.
- 1953. Strathspey was sold to the Sisters of Mercy and converted to a school; the property was renamed Mercedes College.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Strathspey is one of a number of stately homes in the City of Mitcham which were part of the early exclusive residential enclave. The house had not been significantly altered and still has a commanding presence even though there are a number of modern school buildings on the site. Remains of the original gardens still exist which give an insight into the former grandeur of the property.
Strathspey, arcaded entrance
- The stables have been converted into classrooms and the original gate house is now on a separate title and is a private residence.
- Strathspey is an example of the stately homes built by wealthy pastoralists in the 19th century and continues to have an impact on the cultural landscape of what is still an exclusive residential enclave.
“The suburb of Unley is often associated with magnificent and opulent houses, but just up Cross Road at Urrbrae is a beautiful bluestone mansion that outshines the jewels in Unley’s crown…
- “This delightful two storey house completed in 1891 by Peter and Matilda Waite overlooks an attractive set of gardens and the Waite Arboretum – a massive 30 hectare plantation of 2,200 trees.”
|Urrbrae House on Waite Campus, University of Adelaide|
- See also page Urrbrae House, Glen Osmond,
- See website //Urrbrae House,//
- and this page: Urrbrae House Historic Precinct, University of Adelaide | SA
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File Nos. 14340; 10644; 10656.
Urrbrae House as it now stands was almost wholly built for Peter Waite in 1890 on the site of the mostly demolished earlier residence. It was probably the first house in SA to have roof tiles and electric light supplied from its own generating plant. Original decor was in the style of William Morris.
- HISTORY: c1840s. The land, which was originally allocated to John Brown, was purchased by Robert MacGeorge who built a single story residence which he named after his birthplace, Urr in Scotland; Brae means hillside.
- Leased to Edward Stirling (The Lodge, AL1).
- 1875. The property sold to Peter Waite who demolished the original house. The original servant’s quarters were not demolished at this time.
Urrbrae House 1890 and 1889
- 1890. The current house was designed by C. H. Marryat and E. J. Woods and completed in 1892.
- 1914. Urrbrae was bequeathed to the University of Adelaide on the condition that sections would be used for agricultural research and education.
- 1922. The University of Adelaide occupied the property.
- CURRENT USE: Waite Agricultural; Research Institute. Urrbrae House is used as a function centre and museum.
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL THE LANDSCAPE: The integrity of Urrbrae House as a stately home has been maintained. The entrance to Urrbrae House passes the original gate house and along a winding driveway through an extensive arboretum. The main house, which is separated from the agricultural research buildings, has sections of the original gardens, including arboretum on three sides. The stables, coach house and other outbuildings have been restored as examples of the lifestyles of prominent 19th century colonist.
- Urrbrae was a focus of 19th century social life, especially the Adelaide Hunt Club, and continues to reflect its original impact on the cultural landscape.
|Yurilla Hall north elevation|
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No 10743.
- CURRENT USE: Private residence.
- HISTORY: 1899. Yurilla was constructed for Peter Crank.
- 1911. The property was purchased by Emma Norris.
- 1936. Purchased by G. W. & R. I. Badman.
- 1954. Purchased by Murray Hill (Aust) Ltd. Murray Hill was a real estate agent and became a member of the Legislative Council.
- 1978. Became the property of Yurilla Hall Pty Ltd.
- The 1985 heritage survey of the City of Unley notes that Yurilla is of little historical significance except for the success of the owner Peter Crank.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Yurilla Hall is located in the exclusive residential enclave of Unley Park. The house still occupies a large landscaped block of land and makes a significant contribution to the cultural landscape of the region.
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.13472
|Buxton Manor, 67-75 Buxton Street, North Adelaide|
- HISTORY: 1909. Buxton Manor was built for F. J. Fisher, solicitor, of Pine Hill, Mt Lofty. The building was said to be reminiscent of the Barr Smith residence in Angas Street which has been demolished. Buxton Manor was designed by F. W. Danker.
- 1922. It became the residence of Sir Josiah Henry Symon, solicitor, a prominent lawyer who was articled to the firm of Sir Samuel Way (Montefiore).
- Sir Josiah Symons previously owned Fitzroy House (PR3) which was built in 1880s, probably as his city residence.
- He was a member of the House of Assembly; he was appointed Attorney General.
- A strong advocate of Federation, he was elected to the Senate in the first Commonwealth elections.
- CURRENT USE: Private residence
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Buxton Manor does not have the same impact on the cultural landscape as Fitzroy House. It is, however, an important indicator of what was considered to be an appropriate residence for prominent citizens at the beginning of the 20th century.
- Built from brick, as was Roche House (1905), it is not a dominant structure and blends in with the other houses in what is an exclusive residential enclave.
- HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.10784.
- See also page Carclew, North Adelaide
Carclew view from the main gates
- HISTORY: 1837. The site was purchased for 12 shillings by George Curtis who lived in Worthing, Sussex.
- 1851. There was stone cottage on the site and in 1854 stabling had been added.
- 1861. The property was bought by James Chambers, stockbroker. In the same year he sponsored the successful cross continent expedition of McDouall Stewart which departed from the site. He was an entrepreneur who provided transport from Holdfast Bay to Adelaide and also for the gold exports to South Australia from Victoria. Chambers built the stable which still exist today.
- 1896. Purchased by Hugh Robert Dixson, a tobacco merchant, who demolished the existing buildings and erected the current house which he called Stalheim. The house was designed by J. Q. Bruce.
- Robert Dixson was a member of the Adelaide City Council and was elected to the new Commonwealth Parliament. When he was knighted he changed his surname to Denison, to avoid confusion with his uncle, also a knight.
Carclew west elevation, the library at left
- 1908. Purchased by Marie Bonython, wife of Sir John Langdon Bonython. He added a library and renamed the building Carclew. Sir John was the proprietor of The Advertiser newspaper, philanthropist and member of the first Commonwealth Parliament.
- 1965. Purchased by the Adelaide City Council as a proposed site for an entertainment centre.
- 1978 Purchased by the South Australian Government and converted into a performing arts centre.
CURRENT USE: Performing Arts Centre.
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Carclew occupies a dominant site on Montefiore Hill which overlooks Adelaide. While their have been some alterations to the interior of the house to accommodate its new role as a performing arts centre, the integrity of the exterior remains. Carclew is important because its association with prominent citizens and a visible example of their wealth and lifestyle.
- Located in an exclusive residential enclave, Carclew continues to have a significant impact on the cultural; landscape.
- HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 13537.
This substantial two-storied house and its neighbour, Taylor House, are important survivors of the redevelopment of Brougham and Palmer Places which occurred around the turn of the 20th century, transforming it into a precinct of grand style and conspicuous wealth.
- The house is historically associated with Charles (later Sir Charles) Henry Goode, for whom it was built in 1907, and it effectively commemorates the mercantile success of Goode and his softgoods company Goode Durrant and Co., considered one of the colony’s leading business houses. Goode attained prominence as a successful businessman and Member of Parliament, but was best known as a philanthropist and tireless worker for numerous social welfare causes. Amongst other contributions, he was a founder of the Royal Institution for the Blind, the South Australian Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission, the Adelaide Children’s Hospital and the Adelaide YMCA.
- The house is a significant example of Federation period architecture. It is well detailed internally and externally, displaying a disciplined eclecticism in its combination of picturesque and classically derived elements. The fireplaces and overmantels are particularly notable in this regard. The relatively high integrity of the house is also seen in the survival of internal finishes – in particular the imported walnut fire surrounds and the leaded stained-glass. The stair hall and internal planning in general are well-conceived and illustrate the interest of the period in the asymmetrical plan form. [Adapted from: Marsden, S, Stark, P, & Sumerling, P ‘Heritage of the City of Adelaide: An Illustrated Guide’ Corporation of the City of Adelaide, 1990, and ‘Australian Dictionary of Biography’, on-line edition, 2007]
|Former dwelling of Charles Goode|
- HISTORY: 1907. The dwelling was built for Sir Charles Henry Goode, proprietor of Goode Durrant and Co. which was one of Adelaide’s leading soft-goods companies; W. H. Durrant was the other partner.
- 1865. Charles Goode was elected to the House of Assembly.
- Noted philanthropist who contributed to many bodies such as the YMCA (which he help found) and the Adelaide Children’s Hospital. He was also a trustee of Estcourt House, a refuge for blind and crippled children.
- 1923. The property was transferred to John and Eliza Hughes Gordon.
- A subsequent owner was Henry Edwin Pellew
- CURRENT USE: Private residence.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: The house is at the beginning of Brougham Place, an important exclusive residential enclave. The exterior of the house does not appear to have undergone any significant changes, although the Adelaide Heritage Survey (1984:71) states that the house was to be renovated for single occupancy; this had been completed before 2007.
- The house, together with the adjoining Taylor House, are important visible reminders of the elegant stalely homes built for prominent businessmen in the 19th century and together make an important contribution to the cultural landscape
HERITAGE LISTING: Local Heritage.
|Jolley’s House street view|
- HISTORY: 1905. The house was built for W. George Scarfe which he called Stonehenge.
- 1931. Owned by Ernest and Evelyn Jolley
- CURRENT USE: Private residence.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Jolley’s House is located in the exclusive residential enclave on Robe Terrace and it is an example of the outstanding architectural stately homes built by wealthy businessmen. In association with the prominent homes in the region, Jolley’s House still makes a contribution to the cultural landscape.
- HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.13610.
Milne Dwelling North Adelaide
- HISTORY: 1901. Built for George Milne, son of Sir William Milne, wine merchant (Sunnyside; Burnside LGA; Eurilla, Adelaide Hills LGA). George was the sole director of the wine and sprit company from 1888.
- CURRENT USE: Lincoln College, Adelaide University student accommodation.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: This former dwelling is one of several stately homes acquired by Lincoln College for use as student accommodation. Unsympathetic additions at the rear of the property and the minimalist gardens (mainly grass) designed to accommodate the current use, reduce the visual impact of the former Milne dwelling. However, the original context remains and hence a viewer would be able to reconstruct the image of a row of stately homes being part of an exclusive residential enclave on Brougham Place. The former Milne dwelling is therefore an important part of the cultural landscape.
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.11582.
|Roche House, street view and side portico|
Roche house is architecturally significant as an excellent example of a large house of the Federation period, during which emphasis was placed on asymmetry, variety of roof form (tiles, gables and projections were common) and quality brick dressing.
- The building has important detailing to the brickwork of the porch and adjacent window, and the quality of the joinery and internal fittings, especially to the galleried entrance, are of a very high order. During the 1920s it was the home of Sir Collier Cudmore, Solicitor, President of LCL 1934-36 and Olympic Gold medalist in 1908.
- The essential integrity of the building is high; unsympathetic additions have been made at the rear, but these are not obtrusive. The new use of the building since its purchase by Aquinas College in 1953 has required few internal alterations. (Adapted from City of Adelaide Heritage Study 1981)
- HISTORY: 1905. Roche House was built for A. A. Ayers.
- 1920s. It was the home of Sir Collier Cudmore, solicitor. He was president of the Legislative Council in 1934-36 and won an Olympic gold medal for rowing in 1908. He was a prominent businessman, a director of a number of companies, and President of the Adelaide Club.
- 1953. Purchased by Aquinas College and adapted for student accommodation.
- CURRENT USE: Aquinas College, Adelaide University student accommodation.
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Being part of a university college, Roche House also suffers the same lessening of identity as noted for Montefiore. Although part of the exclusive residential enclave of Palmer Place and in close proximity to Christ Church rectory and Bishop’s Court, its visual separation from other stately homes as a result of the construction of modern accommodation blocks, reduces its impact on the cultural landscape. Like Montefiore, Roche House also has a more institutional feel about it given its current context, which again reinforces the argument that original context is important in maintaining impact on the cultural landscape.
Lincoln College (former Rymill family Dwelling)
|Rymill House, street view|
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.13611.
- HISTORY: 1907. The house was built for A. G. Rymill; his son, Sir Arthur
- Rymill also lived here. Arthur Rymill was a member of the Adelaide City Council for 23 years and
- Lord Mayor from 1950 until 1954.
- CURRENT USE: Lincoln College: Adelaide University student accommodation.
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: As with the other stately homes converted to student accommodation by Lincoln College, the additional student blocks built at the rear of the property and the grounds now being mainly a grassed area, detracts from its status as a stately home.
Rymill House, front entrance
- However, its close proximity to other former stately homes allow the viewer to reconstruct the image of a residential conclave of houses belonging to important businessmen in the late 19th century. Maintenance of context is important if the cultural landscape is to be retained.
|St Corantyn, North elevation|
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No. 13460
Dating from 1891-92, St Corantyn is a significant and well preserved example of the work of architect George Klewitz Soward.
- It was built for Soward’s daughter Eliza and son-in-law Charles Hornabrook, who was the licencee of the York Hotel. The house is of relatively modern design, though it retains elements of Victorian gothic styling that were common especially in institutional buildings in Adelaide.
- The interior decoration in the form of the elaborate carved timberwork and stained glass work continues the Gothic theme and gives the house the feel of a large English manor. The brickwork and internal detailing remain largely intact, and are of a design that reflects the contemporary influence of the Arts and Crafts architects practising in England.
- St Corantyn is also associated with prominent 20th Century Adelaide citizens including furniture emporium proprietor Malcolm Reid, who lived there from 1912-1928, and Adelaide Lord Mayor Sir John Lavington Bonython. Bonython was the last private owner of the house and lived in it for the longest period (1928-1960). His second wife (Jean Warren) who had interests in interior decorating, probably had the most influence on the existing and original fabric of the house.
- Although no longer in use as a residence, St Corantyn retains the form and features of a grand residential mansion overlooking the Park Lands and reflects the status and lifestyle of some of the notable residents of Adelaide. (Adapted from Conservation Study, Danvers Architects Pty Ltd 1990).
- HISTORY: 1891-1892. Built for Charles and Eliza Hornabrook. Eliza was the daughter of the architect, George Soward. Charles Hornabrook, a hotelier, named the house Eothen.
- 1912-1928. Owned by Malcolm Reid, a prominent furniture emporium proprietor.
- 1928-1960 Owned by Sir John Lavington Bonython (also Carhayes ACC4), newspaper proprietor and Lord Mayor of Adelaide.
- 1961. Mental Health Services day hospital
- CURRENT USE: Mental Health Services, day hospital.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE; Located in the exclusive residential enclave of the in the south eastern corner of Adelaide, St Corantyn continues to be a visual reminder of the wealth and social status of prominent 19th century citizens. The proximity of the stable, coach house and outbuildings gives St Corantyn contextual substance which is a critical component of the cultural landscape of 19th century stately homes.
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No., 13440.
|Springhill Lodge front balcony|
- HISTORY: 1897. Built fore Dr Alexander Patterson, South Australia’s Colonial Surgeon.
- The building was designed by Woods, Bagot Architects.
- 1913. Purchased by the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) for use as a hostel.
- 1971. The building had various uses, including, a nursing home and guest house.
- 2008. Springhill was converted into apartments
- CURRENT USE: Residential apartments.
- IMPACT ON THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Springhill is now surrounded by modern residential development and the driveway on the western side to rear modern additions does detract from the original design of the building.
- The front and side elevations of Springhill have been restored and provide an insight in the grandeur of this 19th century stately home.
HERITAGE LISTING: State Heritage Register, File No.15536.
- HISTORY: 1902. This house was built for John Craven a prominent merchant and business man who owned Craven’s Store located on the corner of Rundle and Pulteney Streets in Adelaide (since demolished).
- In 1887 he marries the sister of Frank Johnson, a former Mayor of Adelaide.
- 1907. Owned by Jessie and Jean Taylor; hence the name of the house
- 1960. Purchased by the Adelaide Children’s Hospital.
- CURRENT USE: Private residence. It has the appearance that the building has been converted into flats, but this could not be substantiated.
Taylor House, street view
- IMPACT ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: Brougham Place was a desirable residential enclave for prominent South Australians. Taylor House and its eastern neighbour, the former dwelling of Charles Goode, are examples of stately homes. The external integrity of the house has not been compromised, although the extent of internal alterations during the period it was owned by the hospital are not known. Although there are unsympathetic developments to the west, on the site of now demolished Addington, Taylor House is an important reminder of the wealth and social status of business men who moved to North Adelaide and is important to the cultural landscape.
- ^ house.ksou.cn/p.php?q=Stirling&sta=sa&id=366255
- ^ http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl?mode=place_detail;search=place_name%3Dwairoa%3Bkeyword_PD%3Don%3Bkeyword_SS%3Don%3Bkeyword_PH%3Don%3Blatitude_1dir%3DS%3Blongitude_1dir%3DE%3Blongitude_2dir%3DE%3Blatitude_2dir%3DS%3Bin_region%3Dpart;place_id=19399
- ^ http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl?mode=place_detail;search=place_name%3DAlbyn%2520House%3Bstate%3DSA%3Bkeyword_PD%3Don%3Bkeyword_SS%3Don%3Bkeyword_PH%3Don%3Blatitude_1dir%3DS%3Blongitude_1dir%3DE%3Blongitude_2dir%3DE%3Blatitude_2dir%3DS%3Bin_region%3Dpart;place_id=16986
- ^ http://community.history.sa.gov.au/events/2012/visit-dunluce-castle
- ^ http://house.ksou.cn/p.php?q=12+Yester+Avenue,%20Brighton%20SA,%20Australia&lat=-35.015045&lng=138.515775