Federation Bungalow style
- Beecroft Federation Heritage
- Rosebery Federation Bungalows page
- Rosebery Federation Bungalows re-visited
- Bungalow, Centennial Park page
- Eastern Suburbs Federation Bungalows
- Ashgrove Queenslander Style
- Nebraska, GORDON NSW
|A well-cared for Federation Bungalow in Doncaster Avenue Kensington NSW|
The Bungalow style was usually a single-storey house with a prominent veranda, especially with the roof covering the verandah.
“The developer Richard Stanton first introduced the American style bungalow to Sydney in 1906 and by 1912 this new type of compact servantless house was being erected across Sydney by speculative builders.” – See Haberfield, the Garden Suburb
- “The influence of the carefully crafted Californian Bungalows can be seen in the work of architects who had worked and travelled in America, particularly Alexander Stuart Jolly and James Peddle.
- The more geometric Chicago Style was introduced to Sydney by the Griffins.
- By 1915 the bungalow was being promoted as **the ideal home**, in contrast to the terrace house form popular in the nineteenth century. (e.g. “Bring Back Bungalows“)In the years immediately after World War I, an Australian variant of the bungalow emerged, a brick house with the characteristic series of low gables. See Beecroft Federation Heritage
- In country towns a different palette of materials were used, timber or timber combined with fibrous cement sheeting.
- By the 1930s the popularity of the bungalow was declining.” – Scott Robertson, HHT 2012 talk
The Federation Bungalow style was the Australian response to the bungalow style that was developed in America by people like Gustav Stickley. (Gustav Stickley was a furniture manufacturer, design leader, publisher and the chief proselytizer for the American Craftsman style, an extension of the British Arts and Crafts movement. Wikipedia)
- It can be seen as a transition phase between the Federation Queen Anne style and the California Bungalow style that took on later.
- Stylistically, it exploited the qualities of the bungalow while frequently retaining the flair and idiosyncrisies of the Queen Anne style, although usually in simplified form.
Below from Wikipedia on Australian residential architectural styles
Camberwell VIC built 1891
|Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales||Casa Tasso, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales|
|‘Amalfi’ 2 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales||‘Ostia’ 16 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales||Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales|
This guide courtesy City of Bayswater “Character Protection Area No 1”
These definitive examples of the Federation Bungalow style share the qualities of
- single story buildings, with high ceilings, without a separate verandah gable
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
- wide, without stucco masonry columns (characteristic of inter-war bungalow)
- casement front windows,
- homely simplicity, robust honesty.
- usually minimal timber detailing (except this filigree example!)
- outdoor toilets and laundry
- These bungalows lost the picturesque complexities of the Queen Anne style and
- do not display their structural carpentry as much as the Californian Bungalow.
- Good description of the Australian Californian Bungalow
City of Cockburn Architectural Style Information Brochure:
1890-1915 Federation Bungalow houses have many of these features:
- Single Storey, Ground Hugging,
- Commodious verandahs
- Use of ‘natural’ materials
- Simple massing of forms
- Traditional brick or stud-framed baring wall
- Timber roof construction and detailing
- Detailed high quality finishes within front rooms
- Ceiling mouldings, Moulded architraves
- Stucco detailing
- Multi-paned and coloured casement or sliding sash windows
- Gable ends ornamented with roughcast and battens painted in dark colours
- Roofs covered with terracotta tiles
- Turned timber or cast iron columns and balustrades
- Roughcast walling
- Masonary verandah piers, sandstone in the Sydney area, with turned timber verandah posts
Federation bungalows in Australia often vary quite widely from one another in appearance, and below here are ten very different examples, showing
|Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales example of Queen Anne Bungalow|
|Queensland Filigree Bungalow|
|Edwardian style house in Heidelberg, Victoria – example of filigree bungalow|
|Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood|
|Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales|
|Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales|
|Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney|
|Inter-War (Californian) Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood|