Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. This site is a backup to Federation-House.wikispaces.com, which closed down in 2018. The new Federation-House.com site links to these blogs, but many old links to the Wikispaces site are unfortunately still present.
Malvern’s Gascoigne Estate
Table of Contents
The first Urban Conservation Area in the former City of Malvern
Walk Into History 4-6 – City of Stonnington
Full Gascoigne Estate walk reproduced in the end notes below
“Some of Melbourne’s finest heritage houses”
“I knew little of the suburb until recently. A visit to the Gascoigne Estate impressed with its retention of some of the finest heritage houses I have seen.
Gascoigne Estate, East Malvern (Finch Street and Central Park Road)
The Gascoigne Estate, Malvern East (area bounded by Tooronga, Burke and Wattletree Roads and Coppin Street)
Rae Tomlinson, from Marshall White, says the area, developed in the 1880s, is like a prestigious housing estate. “Most of the houses are Edwardian with a couple of Victorians scattered in the estate so there is a consistency of build.”
Melbourne’s “private-school belt”
Having former prime minister Robert Menzies as one of its most famous residents helped cement Malvern’s reputation as a conservative and affluent enclave. Leafy streets laden with mansions also contribute to this image.
Glenferrie Road is the suburb’s spine and runs from Dandenong Road to Toorak Road – where the suburb is crowned by Sir Robert Menzies Reserve. High-quality shops line Glenferrie Road.
Housing is generally Victorian and Edwardian, but the redevelopment surrounding the former Stonington mansion in Somers Avenue has given the suburb a modern edge.
The merchant and professional classes established homes around Armadale and in the north-west around the Toorak Road-Glenferrie Road axis, but many lost their fortunes when the economy collapsed in the 1890s.
The Gascoigne Estate in East Malvern, has enjoyed disproportionately high growth in property values in recent years. It was the first Urban Conservation Area in the former City of Malvern and has subsequently achieved sale prices that outstrip those of similar suburbs nearby which have been allowed to evolve in response to market forces.
Architects Ussher & Kemp
In 1899 a group of six substantial houses was erected in Finch Street to designs prepared by noted architects Ussher & Kemp for developer William Knox.
Architects Ussher & Kemp designed the Queen Anne style Thelema (33), Moanga (31), Ingleburn (27), Dunoon (25), Eblana (23) and Merridale (21) in 1899 for William Knox. Knox was elected to the first Australian Parliament in 1901, founding secretary of Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP) and Malvern Shire Councillor (1892-1895 & 1902-1910) & Shire President (1893-1895) .
heritage management planningWattletree and Bourke Roads, East Malvern, Victoria
Established in 1906, Central Park combines a large sports
oval with picturesque strolling gardens and is a well-used recreational facility for the surrounding community.
A sunken garden and a fountain, and avenues of elms, are also features. The park has a significant conservatory that dates from the 1920s, which is included on the Victorian Heritage Register.
Covering almost 19 acres, Central Park is decoratively embellished with avenue trees, shrubs and flowerbeds and adjoined by an open oval for cricket and other team sports. The park’s features include a bocce court, fun and fitness track and a playground. It is also home to one of the oldest conservatories in the state and with its original landscape features intact, it is one of only a handful of Edwardian public gardens in Victoria.
Since it was acquired by Malvern City Council in 1906, Central Park has become a public garden of exceptional quality. The Park has remained faithful to the original design concept, although its history is one of evolution and change, right up to the present day.
Central Park was laid out in the same period as the Federation houses in the surrounding streets. The Park and its surrounds together form a consistent and highly attractive Edwardian era precinct.
The park is decoratively embellished with avenue trees, shrubs and flower beds, and adjoined by an open oval for cricket and other team sports. The park contains a fine and varied collection of trees. There are some excellent individual specimens and some trees date back to the initial plantings of 1908-10including many of the avenue elms.
The Gables, 15 Finch Street, East Malvern (1902-3)
Victorian treasures are an asset to all
Date: March 29, 2014 Kate Robertson
73 Finch Street Malvern East
Price guide: $3.3 million+
This Edwardian villa has an enviable location, straddling the two premier streets of the coveted, heritage-listed Gascoigne Estate. Agent Rae Tomlinson says Central Park Road and Finch Street showcase the best streetscapes the estate has to offer, featuring Edwardian and Victorian homes on substantial allotments.
The large master bedroom has ample storage with a walk-in robe as well as a built- in robe and en suite, and there is a large separate study close at hand.
11 Coppin Street MALVERN EAST
Quintessential Gascoigne Character
All the elements that contribute to the Gascoigne Estate’s desirability as a family address are captured by GLENCAIRN, a stylish, substantial Federation era residence in which abundant natural light and exceptionally generous proportions from an unforgettable combination.
27-29 Finch Street Malvern East
Constructed in 1896, this Gascoigne Estate home stands proud on this ideal double block in the blue chip Finch Street. It has retained its period features while having undergone a meticulous restoration and extension providing the perfect collaboration of period elegance and modern comfort.
The ground floor offers a grand entrance hall, oversized family living room with open fireplace, and double French doors leading to the rear garden, modern state of the art kitchen with stone bench tops
38 Central Park Road Malvern East
Tall Manchurian Pear trees frame this impressively renovated and extended two-storey Edwardian family residence showcasing a fine tuck-pointed brick façade and boasting a seamless blend of classic period features including ornate ceilings and leadlight windows.
60 Tooronga Road Malvern Vic 3144
“Tillbrook” family home in the heart of the Gascoigne Estate
This 1911 Queen Anne Federation home on an allotment of approx 11,000 sq ft of established grounds is surrounded by a 6 meter high hedging and has been meticulously restored to exacting standards. Located in the Gascoigne Estate.
73 Finch Street MALVERN EAST
A significant Gascoigne Estate property since its Federation era origins, this exceptional residence’s comprehensive renovation means consummate contemporary luxury now matches its classical aesthetic appeal on a prominent corner site.
423 Wattletree Road MALVERN EAST
Corner of Harold Avenue – Dorrington Estate Distinction On 1200 sq metres. Renowned for its significant period homes, wide tree lined boulevards and walking proximity to elite schools, Central Park and Wattletree Road trams, the magnificent Dorrington Estate has long been synonymous with prestigious family living. On Harold Street’s corner enjoying a northerly rear aspect, this superb c.1923 tuck pointed brick residence further cements such a premium reputation.
107 Finch Street, Malvern East
Sold for $2,700,000 in 21 Sep 2013 (Auction)
Gracious Edwardian, Gascoigne Prestige
In one of the Gascoigne Estate’s premier streets, this distinguished solid brick Edwardian residence has outstanding proportions and captivating elegance through previously architect renovated spaces provides.
Impressive pressed metal ceilings adorn the welcoming entrance hall, refined study (OFP) and beautiful sitting room both also featuring elegant bay windows.
– from Australian Property Investor – July 2001 Page 86
A mark in time, Stonnington Federation Markers Project. City of Stonnington.
Illustrated booklet offering details of 47 historic sites of interest in the City of Stonnington. (Malvern sites listed below) Plaques or interpretive boards have been placed at most sites. Research was carried out by the Local History Officers at Stonnington History Centre.
Names:‘Heathfield’ / Malvern Star Bicycle / Malvern Baby Health Centre /Glenferrie Road / High Street / Malvern Town Hall / South Yarra – Caulfield Railway Station / Malvern Hill Hotel / Williams, Fred / Higgins, Henry (Judge) / ‘Stonington’ / Lucas, Dudley / Malvern Municipal Band /Malvern’s Oldest School/ Pockett, Thomas / Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Centre / Harold Holt Pool / Menzies, Robert Gordon /Duldig, Karl / Chitty’s Timber Yard / Knox, William / East Malvern Service Homes Estate / Malvern Valley Golf Course / Chadstone Shopping Centre / Holmesglen Housing Factory
Gascoigne & Waverley Estates, Malvern East.pdf – City of **…**
http://www.stonnington.vic.gov.au/DownloadDocument.ashx?DocumentID…GASCOIGNE AND WAVERLEY ESTATES. URBAN CONSERVATION AREA. ” PREPARED ON BEHALF OF THE crrY OF STONNINGTOH. DECEMBER 1994.[PDF]
Attachment G Author Qualifications – City of Stonnington
http://www.stonnington.vic.gov.au/DownloadDocument.ashx?DocumentID…in 199l.’Bryce Raworth Pty Ltd, Conservation’Urban Design, provides a range of heritage …. Conservation Area and the Gascoigne and Waverley Estates. Urban …
History of Gascoigne Estate, East Malvern
The character of the Gascoigne and Waverley estates area derives from its development in the Federation and inter-war periods, but the history of the site begins several decades before this.
Over the next five years much of the land was consolidated into a single ownership, and in March 1885 the Gascoigne Estate (a subdivision of Crown Allotments 79 to 82) was offered for sale by the Gascoigne Land Company.
By February 1886 seventeen houses had been erected in the southern section of Gascoigne Estate. But, as with many outer suburban subdivisions during the period of Melbourne’s great land boom, development remained slow, and was brought to a standstill by the dreadful depression of the early 1890s.
Link to Malvern Historical Newsletters
Local History Catalogue
2. 12 great walks in Stonnington Stonnington City Council. Books 1998
//Walk into History 4// which includes a walk through the Waverley and Gascoigne Estates, Malvern East, can be viewed on the Stonnington History Centre page
Attachment 4, C112 – Heritage response (329.06 KB)
Walk into History 6, Gascoigne & Waverley 6Estates, East Malvern.
Di Foster and Steve Stefanopoulos, Malvern Historical Society
Paragraph 15, page 43