Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. This site is a backup to Federation-House.wikispaces.com, which closed down in 2018. The new Federation-House.com site links to these blogs, but many old links to the Wikispaces site are unfortunately still present.
Federation Architect Henry E. Budden
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Federation, which applies to houses built around the time of Australia’s Federation (1901) and up to about 1914, was a period of great inventiveness in domestic architecture; many influences were abroad – Queen Anne, Art Noveau, Edwardian, Shingle style, Arts and Crafts — and these combined with a genuine attempt to find a style suited to Australian conditions. Some of the best examples of Federation architecture in Hunter’s Hill are houses designed by Henry E. Budden.
Henry E. Budden was a gifted and radical young architect who lived in Hunter’s Hill from 1892 to 1910 and was known locallv as Harry Budden.
Family and early life
Henry was born in 1811 at Rockley, near Bathurst, and educated at the Bathurst Superior Public School and Newington College, Sydney.
Rockley, in the 1870s
Sydney, in the 1880s
Budden was born in Rockley, New South Wales, the son of Sarah Hale (née Stanger) and Arthur Budden. His mother’s family were flour millers and his father was a bank manager and store keeper who was born in Braintree, Essex, England. The Budden and Stanger families were active and committed members of the Congregational Church.[1
The Budden family moved to the Sydney suburb of Hunters Hill in 1892 and Henry resided there until 1910.
Kurrowah, Alexandra Street
About 1903 Budden designed Kurrowah, the residence of Stephen H. Weedon, 74 Alexandra Street. Here his enthusiasm for asymmetry is pronounced, in the broken roof lines and multitude of angles; this is connected with his imaginative use of site.
Idiosyncratic Henry Budden-Designed Hunters Hill Home Lists for $4.5m
‘Kurrowah’, a Henry Budden-designed home at 74 Alexandra Street in Hunters HIll came on the market yesterday for the first time in 30 years with a $4.5m ask. At first, it seems like an intimidating price for a home that lacks water frontage and only can stake claim to obstructed water views. The interiors are nothing to write home about (save for an original and unique barrel vault ceiling in the dining room) and the pictures are entirely unimpressive. Weirdly, listing agent Matthew Ward of Ward Partners fails to mention the most important trait this home carries: Henry Budden.
“Budden was a prolific architect of public and institutional buildings in early-20th Century Sydney yet only designed a small smattering of residences, making Kurrowah all the more unique. The architect began his practice around the turn of the century and designed the featured home in 1903 (not 1901, as is indicated on the listing). At that time, his asymmetric plan was straight up revolutionary. According to the 1982 Hunters Hill Trust Journal(don’t ask us how we found this):
“Budden situated the home to capture northern light and impressive harbour views, views now obstructed by mature trees and recent development. The style of the home merges Craftsman (a style not then commonplace anywhere outside Southern California) and Queen Anne influences and shuns many iconic Federation-style features (ie. red brick exterior, tile roofing) then popular. Budden’s best known designs are likely his Art Deco stylings of the David Jones building in the CBD (1927) and Railway House on York St (1936) also in the CBD.
“If the home does achieve its $4.5m ask, it will be in good company on Alexandra Street. #68 sold for $4.2m in 2008; #84, $4.5m in Sep 2011; #82, $5.09m in May 2005; and #79, $6.5m in Oct 2003. And none of those are waterfront. ”
Mornington (16 Vernon Street)
In 1906 Budden designed Mornington (16 Vernon Street) for Arthur and Ada Muddle (the house derives its name from Mrs. Muddle’s fondness for the music of Lord Mornington). This is perhaps Budden’s finest house in Hunter’s Hill.
lt shows the tendency of Federation architecture to use a mixture of materials – brick, timber, shingles, rough-cast, slate, terracotta ridging, and sandstone as a rugged base.
lt also shows Budden’s prediliction for angular geometric shapes, with many bays and verandahs; the present owners rightly observe that, from above, it resembles a bird with outstretched wings.
Its residents approached the house by ferry along the river to a stone wharf, until roads were paved from Sydney town some years later.
“The second owners, who purchased the home in 1918, were the industrialist Meggiit family, founders of the linseed oil industry in Australia and pioneers of profit sharing in industry.
“The third and current owners of Mornington have painstakingly restored and modernized the residence over the last 10 years and are offering it for lease fully furnished.
“Mornington is one of the finest residences on Sydney Harbour steeped in history and is a statement of class and character for any discerning family seeking to reside in the quiet and exclusive suburb of Hunters Hill.” http://www.belleproperty.com/29P0158
The Wurley – 26 Cleveland Street, Wahroonga
Magnificent grand Federation residence built in 1913, designed by noted architect Henry Budden.
Brand new pool with sandstone paving and sandstone cascading water feature
Does anyone know of other Budden houses?
Career after World War 1
In 1910 Budden moved with his family to Killara. With the outbreak of World War I he began work with the War Chest Commission; he went to Gallipoli and Egypt and became Chief War Chest Commissioner for England and France; he was also awarded the C.B.E. ln 1917 he returned to Australia and resumed his profession of architecture.
His firm operated under the names of Budden & Greenwell (1919-22), Henry E. Budden (1922-31), Budden & Mackey (1931-39), Henry E. Budden (1939-41), and Budden & Nangle (1940-44). The firm of Budden, Nangle, Michael & Hudson is still in business in Sydney and retains the name of Budden for prestige.
In 1931 Budden was elected President of the New South Wales Institute of Architects; this was reported, together with some biographical details, in The Architectural and Building Journal of Queensland, Apr. 10, 1031, 21-23. He was also a Fellow of the Royal British Institute of Architects. He died on December 25th,1944 – “one memorable Christmas day” in the words of his son Philip, one of his seven children.
Brassey Hotel (1927)
David Jones (1927)
Elizabeth Street, Sydney
Railway House (1936)
York Street, Sydney