Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. This site is a backup to Federation-House.wikispaces.com, which closed down in 2018. The new Federation-House.com site links to these blogs, but many old links to the Wikispaces site are unfortunately still present.
Strathfield’s residential landscape is extremely varied, ranging from country-style estates to high-rise apartments.
Many styles of architecture have been employed over past decades, with dwellings having been constructed in Victorian, Federation, Interwar period architecture, Californian Bungalow and contemporary periods.
In the early 1900s, grand mansions were constructed here as the country homes of wealthy merchants, many of which have been recognised for their historic value. Some examples include:
‘Bellevue‘ in Victoria Street and
‘Radstoke‘ in Malvern Crescent, as well as
‘Helikon’, built in 1893 and designed by Charles Slayter.
‘Bellevue’ 8-10 Victoria Street, Strathfield
‘Radstoke’ 2 Malvern Crescent, Strathfield
Helikon, 33 Roberts Street Strathfield, built in 1893
Streets such as Victoria Street, Llandillo Avenue and Kingsland Road predominantly feature older mansions,
while Agnes Street, Newton Road and Barker Road are common locations for new homes.
In the last century a number of grand Strathfield homes have become private schools:
Brunyarra – Santa Maria Del Monte Late Victorian mansion
Lauriston – Santa Maria Del Monte ‘Lauriston’ was built in 1907, designed by architect Alfred Newman
Llandilo – Trinity Grammar School – Sir Philip Sydney Jones built “Llandilo House” in 1878
Somerset – Trinity Grammar School – a Georgian revival house, was designed in 1923 by architect B J Waterhouse for solicitor James Larcombe
‘Lauriston’ was built in 1907, designed by architect Alfred Newman
Victorian Italianate styled building
Sir Philip Sydney Jones built “Llandilo House” in 1878
As the 1890s economic depression of the eased by the mid-1890s, expressions of Australian nationalism gathered strength culminating in the proclamation of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901 (Federation). With more favourable economic conditions, building activity recommenced.
Federation style housing is featured in many parts of Strathfield Municipality.
Heritage conservation areas such as Redmyre Road and Churchill Avenue are primarily Federation period.
81 Redmyre Road Strathfield
Virginia, 81 Redmyre Road Strathfield
57 Churchill Avenue Strathfield
88-94 Redmyre Road, Strathfield
Federation Queen Anne Style
The Federation Queen Anne style was the dominant style in Australian residential architecture.
This style is asymmetrical with an ensemble of varied roof shapes.
These houses are brick with painted timber detailing and elements and typically set within a picturesque garden.
These houses feature a verandah with timber posts and ornamental brackets, balustrades and valances.
Federation Queen Anne is featured prominently in the Churchill Avenue, Homebush Road and Redmyre Road Heritage Conservation Areas.
Illemong – Federation Queen Anne style house 20 Carrington Avenue Strathfield
15 Florence Street Strathfield
Huntingtower – Federation Queen Anne
Weymss – 89 Homebush Road Strathfield
Waratah – Federation Queen Anne style
55 Merley Road Strathfield
Federation Arts and Crafts Style
The Federation Arts and Crafts is represented in Strathfield, though less frequently than the Queen Anne and Bungalow styles.
The roof is a dominant element, featuring gables and/or hips of medium to steep pitch and prominent eaves.
These houses have tall, tapering chimneys and bay windows.
Pebblecast stucco was commonly used as a exterior wall finish, together with other materials having earthy, natural colours and textures.
Gardens are an important element.
Tuxedo’ 87-89 Albert Road was built c.1889 by Joseph Falk, for Sir Samuel Hordern
‘Inglemere’, Abbotsford Road, Homebush
15-17 Wakeford Road Strathfield
Federation Bungalow Style
There are many examples of Federation Bungalows in the Strathfield Local Government Area. This style appears late in the Federation period and the design represents a transition from the more ornate Queen Anne style into the Interwar period that followed.
Bungalows are generally free standing, single storey houses, occasionally with rooms in the roof space, set within informal lawns and gardens.
These houses are traditionally constructed in brick with timber floors, roof construction and deep shady verandahs and wide eaves.